Neolithic Buildings

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[edit] Introduction

Living in a severe cold climate the neolithic people of the present day Orkney islands developed buildings using a technology that is again being developed for a low carbon future.

[edit] Design Principles

Ancient neolithic buildings share design principles with a recent Lapland house and modern earth-berm design:

  • Minimal surface area is exposed to the elements
  • Round building shapes provide the lowest surface to volume ratio.
  • Earth is used as thermal mass - a substantial proportion of home is below ground.
  • Heat loss minimized by using tunnels between separate dwellings.
  • Local materials are utilised

[edit] External links



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