Autonomous house

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An Autonomous House is a building that can function by itself, completely independent from public utilities. It provides it's own energy, waste treatment, heating and cooling, water harvesting and even food. An Autonomous House may also be known as a Living Building, Earthship or Self-sufficient Home.

Autonomous Homes have many similar design qualities. The optimal Autonomous Home will make minimum use of unsustainable sourced materials such as fossil fuels or materials sourced from far away. They use local materials wherever possible. They make use of passive solar design for heating and cooling, including the use of reflectors and thermal mass for this purpose.

They use grey and black water treatment systems that are based on Living Machines, which make use of water water purifying plants and filtering and can also provide forms of aquaculture.

They may include certain renewable technologies like solar panels, wind and hydro turbines, solar water heating or biomass heating techniques.

They may also use Compost/Dry Toilets, methane digestors as fuel and waste disposal or dual flushing toilets.

There are many different building materials used to create autonomous homes. These are chosen for maximum energy conservation and ease of acquisition and utilisation, An Autonomous Home may also include efficient economic design as it is possible to build a very expensive version or a cheaper version when compared to normal house prices.

Things that raise the price include high priced technology, labour costs, and lack of vision and planning.

Building materials range from cob (mud, straw and manure), Strawbale, Sustainably sourced local wood, Stone, recycled brick and even newspaper.

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